Wushu (martial arts) of Wudang was created by Wudang religion, also call as Wudang boxing. It use ‘old village’ philosophy as theory foundation and the primary content is Taijiquan. This theory is pay attention to internal exercises, that mean it prefer to convince people by martial arts and use soft tactics to disarm the hardest.
The sources of the China Wushu is come from primitive dynasty. On that time, human always fight with animals or people to get food and place or they want to consolidate their manor. Human was collected some experience in the practice of long-term fight. They use it and amend it therefore Wushu was created from that time. Wudang Wushu is a important part of the China Wushu. It was created by rational and not the result from experience doctrine. It was new idea of China Wushu and enhance the China Wushu. It got its theory first then only have method of boxing. The theory foundation of Wudang Wushu is Taoism philosophy. The main part of Taoism philosophy is ‘Taoism’. It believed that got a perpetual ‘Taoism’ exist between heaven, earth and human. The ‘Taoism’ breed all creatures on earth but it also control all of them. Human cannot watch it because it is no image , no beginning and no end. Its behaviour is soft, quiet, void, empty, circular, middle, straight, peace and etc. These all show the different place between Wudang boxing and another Wushu.
According to history book, YIN XI resigned as a official and cultivate himself according to the religious doctrine after he got <Dao De Jing> (Classic of the Way and Virtue) from LAO ZI. He was go into hiding on Mount Wudang for three days and break a path for Wudang to create the way of cultivate one’s nature. According to the Supreme of Han Wu, he order DAI MENG who was high-ranking military officer go to cull medicinal herbs at Mount Wudang, since that DAI MENG resigned as a official and learn to give himself up to austere religious discipline. He become a person with super power after he got certain good book and magic sign. LU DONG BIN(Tang Dynasty) who know the art of fencing was visited Wudang and give himself up to austere religious discipline at there. Finally he created skills of Taiji. After that, CHEN TUAN dwell in seclusion in Mount Wudang during the year of Tang Qing Dai (year 934-936). He dwell at there over twenty four years and created a skill that called ‘Wu Long Shui Gong’. All of these activities those give oneself up to austere religious discipline were bred the existence of Wudang boxing. During Tang Song Dynasty, four large parties of Wudang Wushu were created. There are Long Men (Dragon Door), Tian Gang, Tai Yi and Qing Xu. However, the person who really promote and develop the Wudang Wushu become popular and wide is Master ZHANG SAN FENG. Master ZHANG SAN FENG was born in 1247. He resigned as a official at the age of thirty five to search for the place that can give himself up to austere religious discipline. He was went through all hardships and look for a lot of places but still fail to meet it. In spring of 1324, ZHANG SAN FENG was seventy seven years old and he have visit Mount Wudang. He find that Mount Wudang got imposing physical features and there is prosperity in all walks of life. Therefore he stay at there for nine year and got outstanding achievements. Hence he chant a poem called <Tai He Shan Dao Cheng Kou Nian Er Jue> :“ Tai he shan shang bai yun wo, mian bi gong shen shi da mo; jin ri dao cheng tan dao miao, shuo lai bu ji zuo lai duo.” “ jiu nian wu shi yi wu shi, mo mo hun hun bu zi zhi; tian xia you ren neng shi wo, yuan nian dan jue jin fu zhi.” ZHANG SAN FENG like to wandering the places so he have wandering life for more than ten year after he finish give himself up to austere religious discipline at Wudang. ZHANG SAN FENG come back to Wudang in 1368 (first year of Han Wu) and he was one hundred and twenty years old. He visited all peaks of Wudang. At that time Nan Yan Mount, Wu Long Mount ( Five Dragon Mount ) and Zi Xiao Mount were destroyed by soldier. ZHANG SAN FENG weed out rank grass and bushes, and also remove rubble to build it again. In 1390 ( the twenty-third years of Han Wu ), ZHANG SAN FENG was disappear without a trace.
ZHANG SAN FENG was a living clairvoyant of most charm in the history of ‘Taoism” religion following LU DONG BIN. Although he not created any party, but there have raise a religious sect naturally under him which different with another religion in all real religious doctrine, rules and belief. It also called as “ Yin Xian Pai ”. ZHANG SAN FENG not only good in written but also was a distinguished Wushu master. He has superb military exploits. He also created “Long xing da cao”, “tai yi shen jian”, “thirteen styles of Taiji”, etc martial arts. All of these things were establish a prominent position of the Founder of Taijiquan to him.
The sources of the Wudang Wushu is come from the religious belief of Taoist priest to seek the way of combination of heaven and human and also seek for long life. It look at the human body as a small universe that relevant to the universe. Its aim is to archive good communication and coordinate between this large and small universe. It pay attention to the balance of Yin and Yang in the progress of action and it pay attention to the soft tactics to disarm the hardest in strike. All of these names of martial arts were take from <Dao De Jing> of LAO ZI.
Despite the clairvoyant martial arts and the skill of making the pills of immortality of ‘Taoism’ religion are mysterious but it was express a clear and definite wish. Their wish is want human get the way of preserve health as a basic principle. The Wudang boxing that created by ZHANG SAN FENG is come from the way of preserve health first and then extend to strike functions. All of the functions are regulate physiology and psychology of human by rational. It bring wonderful benefits such as stimulate the circulation of the blood and cause the muscles and joints to relax, enrich the blood and readjust vital energy, nourish five internal organs, refine both physically and mentally. Even for strike, also cannot go against the principle of preserve health, use the method that only need the small physical strength to defeat someone. The way and method of this function are creativity. It was enrich and develop the theory and practice of Wushu in Eastern and Western. It is great contribution to culture of the world.
Wudang use reverse theory as principle in strike to construct their own strategic thinking. Their strategic thinking is “keep in the position of soft” and “land under heaven is first and no dare to take action before it”. LAO ZI believe that the most weakest thing under heaven is water, the most lowest position is water, but the most strongest winner also is water. They initiative to put their own self in the position of passive and obey opposite side, and then use the attack method of opposite side and return back to them, it can win by making such surprise move.
The principle of Wudang Wushu in tactical is “striking only after the enemy has struck the first blow.” “other party no move, I no move, other party move slightly, then I move first(take action first).” “Striking after the enemy has struck” can be more sure to take action quickly and become winner. Wudang boxing is pay attention in dexterous and quickly, soft, keep calm and it reject fierce and courageous especially use great force. In the practice, it will make whole body relax and the flow of vital energy and blood are good, no resist when meet enemy, and can borrow the energy from enemy to return back to them and defeat them. If you want make sure become dexterous and quickly, you request to be noble, peace, quiet, nature, treat as no people even though got people in front of you, no afraid near, no afraid fierce, no afraid firm in psychology, and use quick-witted response to take action and defeat the enemy.
The aim of the Wudang boxing is important in resolve and not important to resist. The mean of resolve is avoid conflict to resolve the problem. “Important in resolve” is mean that opposite site want to control me but cannot, but I can control and resolve it and also can done it repeatedly, until opposite site gave hearty consent and stop to fight again. At here, “resolve” not only mean resolve in strike, but also mean resolve problem in emotion and psychology. The expert on Wudang boxing can defeat enemy in strike but not get any injure.
Wudang boxing is the representation of Wudang Wushu and it giving great function in the aspect of preserve health and exchange of culture. A new situation is springing up.